Together Against Displacement & Dispossession
Historic summit unites local struggles into a movement against displacement
Report on the outcomes of Alliance Against Displacement’s spring 2016 organizing summit
On the weekend of June 11-12, 2016 Alliance Against Displacement organized a gathering of leaders of homeless and evicted peoples’ movements throughout southern British Columbia. At the Dogwood Centre for Socialist Education, the “Together Against Displacement and Dispossession” summit gathered more than 50 people. Attendees included those from Victoria’s Super InTent City, Maple Ridge’s Cliff Avenue Tent City, Abbotsford’s Dignity Village, Surrey’s 135A nightly street camp, Burnaby’s Stop Demovictions Campaign, The Volcano newspaper, and Downtown Eastside housing and anti-poverty groups, including Our Homes Can’t Wait, DTES Power of Women group, Chinatown Action Group, and VANDU. Representatives of these struggles discussed and compared notes, and, by the end of the day Sunday, drafted a set of unifying ideas: shared enemies, shared campaigns, and three unifying ideas. Out of similar but isolated struggles in different communities, these unifying ideas have laid the foundation for a new social movement of the displaced.
Day One: Learning together
Day one of the summit was dedicated to discussing and learning from each other’s struggles. The first session was dedicated to reports from each group about the main issues they face in their specific communities. And from that foundation, the second session, “Taking stock: lessons from our recent struggles,” examined the lessons we can all learn from these specific struggles. When VANDU presented on their fight against the war on drugs, discussion focused on stopping police “red zoning” of homeless people. In Surrey, Wanda explained, RCMP officers serve “promise to appear” notices that no-go people from blocks that include essential services. Ocean said the only way to get those red-zoning orders lifted is to go to court. In Victoria, Vic said, “the cops red-zone you with threats. After one cop punched me out and broke my ribs he said if he sees me again he’d beat me down again.”
Mama Bear and Tracy from Maple Ridge presented on their experience with tent cities as healthier and safer spaces for women on the street. Mama Bear said that there are very few harm reduction and health services for drug users in Maple Ridge, so the camp saved lives. “Over forty people OD’d in Cliff Avenue Tent City and there was only one death.” And women leaders were able to enforce cooperative rules in the camp, and keep violence at bay. Mama Bear explained, “Lots of the guys in our camp wouldn’t stand up for women. We had to make them defend everyone in the camp by standing up to them first.” Mama Bear, Tracy, and other women in the camp set up rules: no fighting, no stealing from each other, and no harassing women. “I wouldn’t stand for that,” Mama Bear said. She explained that women on the street in Maple Ridge, particularly sex workers, are always in danger of violence. “The police can’t protect us, the City can’t protect us, but at the camp we protected each other,” she said.
Kye and Ashley from Victoria Super InTent City presented on their experiences with the state’s different attempts to break up or regulate their camp. Ashley said, “Government solutions don’t work because they don’t work for people. They give rent supplements when there’s no rental housing and contracts to service providers that bar people who need services.” Kye said they had gotten used to dealing with cops and the courts and no one had any illusions about them. But when Portland Hotel Society came in it was confusing at first. “I hope we can come up with a strategy about how to deal with social workers,” he said. Wanda said, “The social workers aren’t there on 135A in Surrey to help us, they’re there to target us. They work with the cops.” The way Super InTent City learned that they had to navigate the more in-depth control of social workers was to out-organize them, to form a tent city residents’ council as an instrument of grassroots democracy.
The third session of the day was titled “Austerity, Gentrification, and Revanchism: Understanding the Terms of our Times.” Jean Swanson from Carnegie Community Action Project said that in the 1970s the DTES Residents Association (DERA) had a lot of campaigns, but homelessness was not one of them because homelessness was not a significant issue. It was about one-tenth of what it is now. Homelessness, she said, became an issue after the right-wing think tanks started pushing “blame the poor” ideas and poor bashing policies. With those ideas came austerity policies: governments cut taxes on the rich and cut social programs for the poor.
Revanchism was a new term to a lot of people at the summit, but the word’s meaning – society seeking revenge against the poor for the visibility of poverty and social disorder – was not a new concept. Nick, from Abbotsford Dignity Village, said that revanchism explains how he ended up on the street. “After my mother died,” he said, “I was looking for a place but it was all ‘multi-family crime-free housing.’ I have 20 years locked in a cage so at every place my name came up on CPIC and the cops told every landlord not to rent to me.” In response to revanchist violence in Abbotsford, which included the infamous “chicken shit” incident when police dumped chicken manure on a homeless camp, Nick and other homeless people set up Dignity Village, a space where they could be safer and create a community that cared for eachother against those outside pressures.
Gentrification was a term left to Kaye from the Stop Demovictions Burnaby campaign. She explained that the mass demolition of rental apartments in Metrotown for high end condos was not an accident or inevitable, it was organized by the city of Burnaby against the lower income tenants. Jannie from the Chinatown Action Group said gentrification, austerity, and revanchism often come together in a package. In their fight against gentrification and displacement in the Downtown Eastside, Chinese seniors feel all these pressures. Sometimes they express anti-poor sentiments, despite being low-income themselves, and sometimes other low-income people express anti-Chinese racist sentiments, despite sharing these anti-gentrification struggles. Carol Romanow, a VANDU volunteer who lives in Pitt Meadows, argued that disability is another problem within this web of frameworks. “Some people with disabilities can’t stay in tent cities because of the noise and crowds, and others with disabilities can’t get into the housing we win because it’s not accessible,” she said. The strongest call that finished day one was for a movement that can attend to all these pressures and not leave anyone behind. This feeling was amplified at the evening plenary event, “Reconcile This!” held at the Grandview Calvalry Baptist Church (where we all slept on mats afterwards). See the separate report on Reconcile This! Here.
Day two: Three unifying ideas that make a movement
Sunday morning, after a long day, night, and overnight together, group representatives reconvened at the Dogwood Centre over breakfast prepared even earlier by Teresa Diewert. Teresa planned and cooked three meals a day plus snacks for all the summit participants and the love (as well as nutrition) in her meals was likely the strongest force that propelled us all along through so many challenging discussions. After breakfast we got back in a circle and, with ideas from Saturday mapped out across flip charts, we hammered out ideas and agreements that can unify our local struggles into a powerful movement against displacement.
Alliance Against Displacement had originally hoped that we would emerge out of the summit with one single demand and action plan that our different communities could take up alongside all our local struggles. It turned out that the perspectives and needs of those in the room were too diverse, layered, and complex to sum up in a single demand or campaign. Perhaps, we said, in the lead up to next year’s provincial election we might choose a single tactical slogan, but for now we need to instead continue to develop the richness of what we believe.
First, we tried to sum up our discussion the previous day into some forces that we’re up against, how we experience them, and who specifically is responsible for the violence carried out against our communities. This discussion was not complete, but the brainstorming session shows some idea of where the room was at.
– Gender/Sexual violence
– White supremacy
– Revanchism/Poor bashing
– Red zones
– Landlord discrimination
– Racism in the community
– Shelter rules
– Mental health act apprehensions
– Media slander
– Suicide & murder
– Rape & gender violence
– Cops (and wannabes)
– Social workers (and wannabes)
– Big business
– Crown (Feds, Provinces, Municipalities)
– BC Liberals
– City Councils
– Bylaw officers
– Mainstream media
Needing more discussion
– “The public”
– Common sense
Out of this brainstorming we focused in on three themes, which we decided to dedicate to working on as our unifying ideas. Below each heading is a sample of the slogans and themes that could be grouped under the theme.
1) We are all Persons & We all Belong
– End all anti-homeless hate and revanchism
– Nothing about us without us
– No one is undeserving
– End the new poor laws
– People’s needs not corporate greed
– Equality for all
– Proud but/and poor
– Taking back our right for equality
– End violence against women
– Safety and rights for sex workers
– End the war on drugs
– Homelessness is not a crime
– Right to resist, right to exist
– Poverty is not a crime
– Stop the war on the poor
2) Homes for All
– Build 10,000 units of social housing per year in BC
– Resident control over social housing, not institutional control
– Services on demand
– Homes are a human right
– Local control
– Peer run services
– Homes not shelters
3) Liberation & Decolonization
– We will build the power to live how we want
– Tent city council power
– Women fight back against violence
– Build women’s leadership in the tent city movement
– Freedom to move, freedom to stay
– Stop displacement
– End Canadian occupation of Indigenous lands
– Homes not colonies
– Homes not jails
– End Canada’s corporate domination of land
– Defend Indigenous land defence
– Sous les pavés… resurgence
To put these ideas into action, those at the summit agreed to focus on the following three campaigns and actions.
1) Tent Cities are the Future
– Residents to draft a “how-to” charter on building tent city councils
– We will travel to support each other during critical initial days of establishing tent cities
– We agree that women’s leadership in camps is necessary to stop violence against women and to find non-violent means of conflict resolution in the community
– We will support women to work together between tent cities to strengthen their leadership and build power
– Non-residents have three roles in a tent cities movement: providing logistical, legal, and political support to single and networked tent cities
– Unity in leadership between resident and non-resident tent city fighters (under the principle of Nothing About Us Without Us)
2) Mobilize, Converge, Reinforce our Struggles
– We all commit to traveling to support communities in different sites when they need it
– We also commit to supporting other communities and boosting their struggles from afar
– We must develop transparent ways to communicate together and move towards building an organizational structure
– We will hold teleconferences between communities at least monthly
– When we can we will come together for gatherings and meetings in person
– We will hold our next summit in Abbotsford on the second weekend of November
3) Fall Education Caravan
– In September we plan a cross-province caravan to hold education discussion events in all our communities and more
– The themes of the caravan will draw from our three unifying ideas
– We will use the caravan to reach out to communities not currently involved in our movement and bring them in
– The caravan will “snowball,” picking up more participants as we go through communities, to hold a major speaking event at the end with speakers representing many communities together
Alliance Against Displacement’s first organizing summit packed three major accomplishments into one weekend, which together will strengthen the struggles of homeless and evicted people.
First, it brought together homeless and evicted leaders from a half-dozen communities who had not previously had direct contact with each other. The time spent together overcame geographic divisions between different “local” struggles and upset the idea that has crept into our movements that each location is totally distinct. Through this contact we understood how much we have in common and how much we need each other to fight back. This gathering asserted what AAD organizer Herb Varley called an economy of reciprocity, which felt more interdependent and vital than solidarity. Though we practiced solidarity too.
Secondly, together these leaders of community struggles took shared their own experiences and, more importantly, heard about the experiences and ideas of others. Together we strengthened our vocabulary about what causes our community suffering and pain. A bigger vocabulary is not just good for showing off. We need words to name the systems that hurt us, words to understand what others need, and languages to strategize and coordinate a fightback.
Thirdly and most importantly, we left the summit with plans about how we will work together, some challenges about ideas and problems we still need to work out, and with our eyes on a better future, as we continue our struggles together.